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“So beginnen Weltkriege”

October 3rd, 2015

Russlands Militäraktionen in Syrien und der Ukraine folgen westlicher Planlosigkeit, warnt Anne Applebaum, Osteuropa-Expertin und Pulitzer-Preisträgerin, gegenüber der »Presse am Sonntag«. Wladimir Putin wende dabei alte Mittel des NKWD an.

Was bezweckt Russlands Präsident, Wladimir Putin, mit seinem Einschreiten in Syrien?

Anne Applebaum: Erstens lenkt das den Fokus des Westens von der Ukraine ab. Zweitens haben die russischen Medien aufgehört, über die Ukraine zu reden; sie sind nun ganz auf Syrien konzentriert. Putins Politik gegenüber der Ukraine hatte nur diesen langwierigen Konflikt zur Folge, in dem kein für Russland positives Ende absehbar ist. Drittens denke ich, dass ihm weder die Syrer am Herzen liegen noch Assad im Speziellen, sondern dass er Fernsehbilder vermeiden möchte, auf denen zornige Massen Assads Palast stürmen und ihn ins Gefängnis werfen. Putin will den Autokraten Assad stärken, um der Möglichkeit einer Revolution in Russland vorzubeugen. Read on »

How Vladimir Putin is waging war on the West – and winning

February 21st, 2015

Across the new Europe, a little bit of Russian influence is going a long way

Last month, the speaker of the Russian parliament solemnly instructed his foreign affairs committee to launch a historical investigation: was West Germany’s ‘annexation’ of East Germany really legal? Should it be condemned? Ought it to be reversed? Last week, the Russian foreign minister, speaking at a security conference in Munich, hinted that he might have similar doubts. ‘Germany’s reunification was conducted without any referendum,’ he declared, ominously.

At this, the normally staid audience burst out laughing. The Germans in the room found the Russian statements particularly hilarious. Undo German unification? Why, that would require undoing the whole post-Cold War settlement! Read on »

Putin’s great gamble is about to backfire

December 6th, 2014

Since the invasion of Crimea, Russia’s President has been conducting an experiment in anti-western rebellion

Since the Russian invasion of Crimea last February, many different phrases have been used to describe the tactics of the Russian President, Vladimir Putin. Some have spoken of a ‘new Cold War’. Others have described him as ‘anti-western’ or ‘anti-American’. But there is another adjective one could also use to describe his behaviour: ‘experimental’. For apart from everything else he has said and done, Putin has, in effect, launched a vast experiment into whether it is possible to extract a large and relatively well-integrated country from the global mainstream, and to reject the rules by which that mainstream runs. Read on »

When the Berlin Wall came down

November 8th, 2014

On the evening of November 9 1989, East Germans began to walk through the Berlin Wall. Now, with hindsight, it seems inevitable that their story would end happily, that East and West Germany would reunite, that Berlin would become one city as it is so triumphantly today. But nothing seemed obvious at the time, and nobody was at all sure of that happy ending. On the contrary, the Berlin I remember was darker and stranger than any of the “vintage” footage you’ll see replayed this weekend. So many things could have gone wrong, and so many nearly did.
Some of this I saw because I arrived a day late, after the television cameras were gone: I drove to Berlin from Warsaw on November 10, in the company of two Polish journalists I knew slightly. Back in that now impossibly distant era of fuel shortages and pointless regulations, it was not so easy to drive a car across an Eastern Bloc border. We had to buy special insurance stamps, and acquire cans of extra petrol. When we finally started driving, we made slow progress along the crowded two-lane road that then connected Berlin and Warsaw, so different from the motorway that exists today. Read on »

Nationalism Is Exactly What Ukraine Needs

May 12th, 2014

Democracy fails when citizens don’t believe their country is worth fighting for
Close your eyes, repeat the words “Ukrainian nationalist,” and an image might spring to mind: probably a man, most likely bearded, possibly with a shaved head and a drooping moustache. Perhaps he will be dressed in a black uniform, or a leather jacket and boots.
Depending on where you come from, you may additionally imagine an anti-Semite or a murderer of Polish peasants. Like any other stereotype, this one will be related to some historical realities. Two generations ago, there were Ukrainians who, caught between two of the most murderous dictatorships in history, collaborated with the Nazis against the Soviet Union. There were some who participated in the mass murder of Poles and some who participated in the mass murder of Jews. Read on »

The Unwisdom of Crowds

March 20th, 2014

Why people-powered revolutions are overrated
Kiev’s mass anti-government protests are a thing of the past, but the barricades remain, a shrine to the victims. Visitors trickle through the site, paying homage to the Heavenly Hundred, those murdered in the final days of the struggle. The martyrs’ names are taped to the trees, their photographs covered in mounds of flowers. Children holding little Ukrainian flags pose for photographs in front of these monuments. They don’t smile. Read on »

Russia’s information warriors are on the march – we must respond

March 7th, 2014

A robust campaign to tell the truth about Crimea is needed to counter Moscow’s lies
Russian television news is reporting…” Nowadays, when I hear those words pronounced on the BBC or ITN, I can’t help but wince. Over the past 10 days, Russian television news has reported, among other things, that 675,000 Ukrainian refugees have flooded over the Russian border; that extremists and neo-Nazi militants have illegally taken over the Ukrainian government in Kiev; and that Crimean “self-defence forces” or “pro-Russian forces” have spontaneously gathered in front of the Crimean parliament in order to defend it from those same Nazis. Read on »

The pictures from Kiev don’t tell the whole story

February 21st, 2014

The conflict in Ukraine is, at heart, about politics – not an ethnic, geographical or linguistic dispute – and nor is it confined to Kiev
Yes, the photographs from Kiev this week were uncanny, even “apocalyptic”. The orange sky, the burning buses, the blood on the barricades did indeed create scenes which looked like a Second World War movie. They made the city seem foreign, exotic, unreal – which is precisely why you should be wary of them. Read on »


November 11th, 2013

The double life of a Hungarian politician.
The day was chilly but clear, the crowd energetic. Some were in quasi-military uniform, others in hooded sweatshirts emblazoned with patriotic symbols. Dozens of flags fluttered in the breeze. The red-white-and-green tricolor of modern Hungary was prominent, but so was a flag with red and white stripes, remembered by most Hungarians as the symbol of the wartime Fascists. There were hundreds of banners bearing the word “Jobbik,” shorthand for Jobbik Magyarországért Mozgalom—Movement for a Better Hungary—the name of Hungary’s far-right political party. Read on »

Time for our leaders to stop talking about ‘justice’ in Syria if we can’t or won’t enforce it

September 14th, 2013

Honesty may be the best and only realistic policy
‘It’s about chemical weapons. Their use is wrong and the world shouldn’t stand idly by.’
— David Cameron, 27 August
‘The chemical massacre in Damascus cannot and must not go unpunished.’
— François Hollande, 30 August
‘We lead with the belief that right makes might, not the other way around.’
— Barack Obama, 31 August Read on »

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